Alba Iulia is one of the most beautiful cities, located at a distance of 350 km from Bucharest. Alba Iulia is the city where every visit looks like a journey into the past; but not any kind of journey, because the Fortress of Alba Iulia takes you to three different historical periods through its fortifications: the Roman castle from 106 AD, the medieval fortress dating back the 16th-17th centuries and the Vauban Alba Carolina fortress, from the 18th century. The latter was built by the Austrians to strengthen the defense against the Ottomans and is the largest fortress of its kind in Eastern Europe.
There are several routes within the fortress from which visitors can choose: The Route of the 3 Fortifications, The Gates of the Fortress or The Northern Route. You should not miss the change of the Austrian Guard at the 3rd Gate, so you must be there before 12 o'clock!
The Unirii Museum from Alba Iulia is another mandatory stop, because here you have the chance to admire prehistoric artifacts, medieval objects or photographs and documents from the Revolution of 1848. The museum functions both in the Babylon building, built in Romanesque style, as well as in the Unirii Hall, where the union of Transylvania with Wallachia was signed in 1918.
The Orthodox Cathedral is another important point on the map of Alba Iulia, as it reminds of an important moment in the monarchical period of the country: Maria and Ferdinand were crowned here as the kings of Greater Romania in 1922. The cathedral was built in Byzantine style, with an impressive 58 meters tall tower.
Also on the way to spirituality is the Roman-Catholic Cathedral, a religious edifice built during the same period as the famous Notre Dame de Paris. The architecture of Roman-Gothic influences hides within the cathedral the tomb of the voivode Iancu of Hunedoara.
Neither the obelisk of Horea, Cloşca and Crisan can be overlooked in a walk through Alba Iulia, as was dedicated to the memory of the three rulers of the 1784 peasant rebellion. Moreover, within the fortress you can see the cell in which Horea was imprisoned before his execution.
Other important point in Alba Iulia is Battyaneum Library, where you'll find the scent of the past in the old sheet leather and in the yellowish corners of the manuscripts, within an impressive collection of over 55,000 books. The first astronomical observer in Romania was built here in 1792, in the tower of a former church.
In Alba Iulia you can go to the biggest historical reconstruction festival in Romania, which takes place annually around 1st of May. At the Roman Apulum Festival you will meet gladiators, Roman soldiers, Dacian warriors, craftsmen and dancers, all of whom evoke the Roman period from which the city dates.
So, we invite you to discover the city of Alba Iulia! We guarantee you will not regret!